A gall is an abnormal growth produced by a plant or other host under the influence of another organism. It involves enlargement and/or proliferation of host cells, and provides both shelter and food or nutrients for the invading organism. (from British Plant Galls by Margaret Redfern and Peter Shirley).
Most galls are caused by fungi (particularly rusts and smuts) or invertebrates. Prominent among the latter are aphids, mites, psyllids, gall-midges (Cecidomyiidae), gall-flies (Tephritidae), gall-wasps (Cynipidae) and sawflies, but a wide range of other invertebrates are included. Galls can also be caused by viruses, bacteria and phytoplasmas.
(Information quoted from British Plant Gall Society)
Many of the images in this gallery are moths I've seen in my garden. I use a MV Robinson trap and try to put it out once a week if weather conditions are OK. Rather than photograph the moths on egg boxes (where they shelter when in the trap) I usually place them on a more photogenic background. Some disappear at this point...
If the moth wasn't spotted in my garden, there should be a location given in the photo description.
I suspect my mammals gallery will take a while to grow - and will probably be a bit limited in number of species. Having said that, I love to see our native mammals but rarely manage to be in a position to photograph them.
I'm very fortunate to live close to Donna Nook, where Atlantic Grey Seals haul out to pup amongst the sand dunes each winter. This gives me the chance to observe them at close quarters... along with hundreds of other people! It's wonderful to see so many seals in such an accessible area.
I was very lucky to be able to watch the birth of a Grey Seal pup at Donna Nook, Lincolnshire, on 13 November 2010.
The birth happened close to the fence in the viewing area of the dunes - too close for me to get the whole of the mother seal in frame, so I concentrated on the business end! The light was fading as the sun started to dip below the dunes and I was a bit concerned at first that she wouldn't manage to give birth before the light went. She timed it beautifully!
It was wonderful to watch and I'm sure I'll treasure the (many) photos I took.
The images in this gallery are from several locations in Lincolnshire; the caption should say where. I still have a few species to add to the gallery.
The following species have been seen in my garden, but I haven't always managed to photograph them well enough to share with others: